Grammar Q & A Archive

Key-Word Index

Use this Key-Word Index to find messages in the Grammar Question & Answer Archive. Find a Key Word in the table below and click on it, or scroll through the Index until you find a Key Word of interest. Underneath the Key Word are links that take you directly to a relevant Q & A message.

A
a/an
adjective clauses
adjective clauses: object pronouns
adjective clauses, restrictive
adjectives
adjectives, order of
adjectives, possessive
adverb clauses
adverb phrases
adverbs
adverbs, position of
agreement
all
all right
already
American English vs. British English
among
analogy
any
appostrophe
appositives
appositives, and articles
aren’t I?
articles: a vs. an
articles, definite vs. indefinite
articles, with appositives
as
as best you can
as if
at
 
B
bad vs. badly
badly vs. strongly
be
be going to
be going to vs. will
be in vs. be to
begin vs. start
below
besides vs. except
between
British English vs. American English
by
 
C
can vs. could
can, possibility with the future
chiropractor
clauses, noun
cleft sentences
collaborate
collective nouns
commas
commas, with and
comparatives
compared to/with
comparisons
conditional sentences
conjunctions
conjunctions, subordinating
contrary-to-fact
cooperate
could, possibility with the future
count/noncount nouns
 
D
degrees of certainty
disappear
dissertation
do
door of vs. door to
 
E
etiquette
English language, importance of
envious
eventually
everyone, everybody
examples: introducing
expect (stative verb)
expressions
expressions of quality
 
F
fewer
flammable vs. inflammable
for
fringe benefits vs. perks
fruit vs. fruits
future tenses
future time
 
G
gerunds
gerunds after verbs
God bless you
good vs. well
grow
 
H
have to/must
how
how and whether
I
I vs. me
idioms
if vs. whether
imperatives
in
including
indicative words
indirect (reported) speech
indirect objects
infinitives
infinitives, of purpose
infinitive vs. baseform
inflammable vs. flammable
intransitive verbs
invaluable vs. valuable
inverted word order
irregular noun plurals
irregular verbs
intensifiers
 
J
jealous
judge
 
L
less
let's
like
likewise
 
M
mad cow disease
meanwhile
medical terms
me neither
metaphor
misplaced modifiers
modal auxiliaries
modals
modifiers
mood enhancer
much
much vs. many
 
N
nap
negatives, plus gerunds
negative prefixes
no, not
none
nonstandard English
noun clauses
nouns
nouns: collective
nouns: count/noncount
nouns, irregular plurals
nouns, plural
nouns, possessive
numbers
 
O
objects
object complements
obligation, verbs of
of
osteopath
other, forms of
other times
 
P
parallel structure
parenthetical material, punctuation with
participial phrases
past habit
past participles
people
perception, verbs
perks vs. fringe benefits
personal pronouns
phrasal verbs
plural nouns, irregular
plural nouns: proper nouns
police
possession
possessive
prefixes, negative
prepositional phrases
prepositions
prepositions, for
prepositions, to
prescriptive grammar
present perfect
present perfect progressive vs. present perfect
present tense: used to express future time
pronouns
pronouns, personal
pronunciation
pronunciation, of plural nouns
proverbs
punctuation
punctuation, apostrophe
punctuation, commas
 
 
 
 
 
 
Q
quantifiers
question words
question words: what
questions, tag
quick vs. quickly
quite
 
R
rather
referee
reflexive pronouns
relative clauses
relative pronouns
reported (indirect) speech
reporting verbs
restrictive clauses
risk
run-on sentences
 
S
–'s
say
sayings
sentences
so
speak
spelling: with -ed and -ing
split infinitives
start vs. begin
start vs. get started
stative verbs
strongly vs. badly
subject-verb agreement
subjunctive
such as
 
T
tag questions
talk
teaching grammar
than
that
thesis
to
to + simple form (infinitive)
too
today
toward or towards
trip vs. travel
two-word verbs
 
U
umpire
under
unrestrictive clauses
until
usage questions
used to
 
V
valuable vs. invaluable
verbs, base form
verbs, intransitive
verbs, two words
verb forms: subjunctive
verb tenses: future
verb tenses: past
verb tenses: present
verb tenses: present perfect
verb tenses: present perfect progressive
verbs
verbs: gerunds
verbs, irregular
verbs, obligation
verbs of perception
verbs: parallel structure
verbs: participles
verbs, plus gerund
viscus
 
W
want, verb form following
well vs. good
wh - words
what
what vs. which
when and where
whether
whether vs. if
which
which vs. what
who
who vs. whom
will: future
wish
word order
would
write/read to vs. write/read for
 
Y
years
yet

a/an

A or an before h

adjective clauses

Adjective clause with preposition

Sentence type

Which

adjective clauses: object pronouns

Which vs. what

adective clauses, restrictive

Restrictive vs. nonrestrictive adjective clause

adjectives

-Er added to one-syllable adjectives

Feel good or feel well?

Flammable vs. inflammable

-ic vs. -ical endings

Jealous vs. envious

Meanwhile and eventually

Quick vs. quickly

Quick trained vs. quickly trained

Valuable vs. invaluable

adjectives, order of

Order of adjectives

adjectives, possessive

Singular or plural?

adverb clauses

By vs. until

adverb phrases

Misplaced modifier

Other times vs. at other times

adverbs

Already vs. yet

Feel strongly and feel badly

Likewise

Quick trained vs. quickly trained

Quite vs. rather

"Today is very hot"

adverbs, position of

Adverbial position

agreement

Agreement of personal pronouns with antecedents

Agreement of subject and verb

Everyone, everybody, and referents

Majority/minority: is or are?

Majority/minority: is or are? (Comment)

None: singular or plural verb?

Singular or plural?

Singular or plural verb

all

Of all, in all, or in?

already

Already vs. yet

all right

Does the word "alright" exist?

among

Prepositions: among, between, for, or with?

American English vs. British English

Toward or towards

analogy

Simile, metaphor, analogy

any

Any + other + noun

Any + singular or plural noun?

Toward or towards

apostrophe

Possessive with apostrophes

appositives

"They called him Bill."

appositives, and articles

Articles with appositives

aren’t I?

Aren't I? (vs. Am I not?

Aren't I? (vs. "Amn't I"?)

articles: a vs. an

A or an before h

articles, definite vs. indefinite

Police or the police?

articles, with appositives

Articles with appositives

as

As

Like vs. as

Like vs. as (Comment)

Simile, metaphor, analogy

as best you can

As best you can

as if

As if

at

In or at?

bad vs. badly

Feel bad vs. feel badly

badly vs. strongly

Feel strongly and feel badly

be

Aren't I? (vs. "Amn't I"?)

Aren't I? (vs. Am I not?

Be to + do

The word being

be going to

Forms for future time

be going to vs. will

Will vs. be going to

begin vs. start

Start vs. begin

be in vs. be to

Have been to/have been in a place

below

Under vs. below

besides vs. except

Besides vs. except

between

Prepositions: among, between, for, or with?

British English vs. American English

BrE vs. AmE

by

By vs. until

can vs. could

Can't have vs. couldn't have

can, possibility with the future

Can and could with the future

chiropractor

Osteopaths and chiropractors

clauses, noun

Noun clause as object of the verb

cleft sentences

Cleft sentences

collaborate

Cooperative and collaborative

collective nouns

A or an before h

Collective nouns (1)

Collective nouns (2)

commas

Commas or no commas

commas, with and

Commas with and

comparatives

-Er added to one-syllable adjectives

Than

compared to/with

Compared to (with)

comparisons

Like vs. as

Like vs. as (Comment)

conditional sentences

As if

Using will to indicate the price?

conjunctions

Commas with and

If or whether?

Likewise

Meanwhile and eventually

Whether or whether or not

conjunctions, subordinating

As

contrary-to-fact

I wish she was/were

cooperate

Cooperative and collaborative

could, possibility with the future

Can and could with the future

count/noncount nouns

Business and businesses

degrees of certainty

Can't have vs. couldn't have

dissertation

Thesis vs. dissertation

do

He does or he do?

door of vs. door to

Prepositions: door to or door of?

disappear

Formerly intransitive verbs

English language, importance of

Learning English

envious

Jealous vs. envious

etiquette

Asking about a person's profession

everyone, everybody

Everyone, everybody, and referents

eventually

Meanwhile and eventually

examples: introducing

Including and such as

expect (stative verb)

Modals vs. expect to

expressions

God bless you

expressions of quality

Any + other + noun

fewer

Less vs. fewer

flammable vs. inflammable

Flammable vs. inflammable

for

For + noun

Indirect objects with to and for

fringe benefits vs. perks

Fringe benefits vs. perks

fruit vs. fruits

Fruits or fruit?

future tenses

Will

Will vs. be going to

future time

Future time expressed with simple present tense

Forms for future time

gerunds

Gerund or infinitive?

Gerunds, simple and past

Infinitive or gerund or base form?

Possessives with gerunds

The word being

gerunds after verbs

Infinitive or gerund or base form?

Risk + complement

God bless you

God bless you

good vs. well

Feel good or feel well?

grow

Formerly intransitive verbs

have to/must

Had to/must in past tense of reported speech

Had to/must in past tense of reported speech (Comment)

Have to vs. must

how

What vs. how

What about and how about

how and whether

Wh- clauses as subject: singular or plural verb?

I vs. me

I or me

idioms

As best you can

Bound for

Catch somebody's attention

Ease a severe crisis

if vs. whether

If or whether?

imperatives

If or whether?

Tag ending for Let's

in

In or at?

including

Including and such as

indicative words

Who vs. whom

indirect (reported) speech

Had to/must in past tense of reported speech

Had to/must in past tense of reported speech (Comment)

Reported (indirect) speech (with past tense)

indirect objects

Indirect objects

Indirect objects with to and for

infinitives

Gerund or infinitive?

Infinitive/gerund after like (=such as)

Split infinitives

To as a marker for an infinitive vs. to as a preposition

To as preposition or as part of infinitive

infinitives, of purpose

Infinitives (to complete adjectives/to express purpose)

infinitive vs. baseform

Infinitive or gerund or base form?

inflammable vs. flammable

Flammable vs. inflammable

intensifiers

So, too, and much

intransitive verbs

Formerly intransitive verbs

invaluable vs. valuable

Valuable vs. invaluable

inverted word order

Inversion of subject and verb 1

Inversion of subject and verb 2

irregular noun plurals

Genus, plural form

Viscus and viscera

irregular verbs

Hang, past tense

Irregular verb forms

jealous

Jealous vs. envious

judge

Judge, referee, and umpire

less

Less vs. fewer

let's

Tag ending for Let's

like

Infinitive/gerund after like (=such as)

Like vs. as

Like vs. as (Comment)

Simile, metaphor, analogy

like wise

Likewise

mad cow disease

"Mad cow disease"? "BSE"? Which one is correct?

me neither

Me neither

meanwhile

Meanwhile and eventually

medical terms

"Mad cow disease"? "BSE"? Which one is correct?

metaphor

Simile, metaphor, analogy

misplaced modifiers

Misplaced modifier

Sentence type

modals

Have to vs. must

Modals vs. expect to

modal auxiliaries

Can't have vs. couldn't have

Modal auxiliaries: How to define? How to teach?

Would

modifiers

Misplaced modifier

Modifiers (how to combine)

Noun modifiers (trouser press)

Nouns as modifiers

mood enhancer

Enhance

much

So, too, and much

much vs. many

As much as vs. as many as

nap

Nap

negatives, plus gerunds

No or not + gerund?

negative prefixes

Negative prefixes

no, not

No or not + gerund?

none

None: singular or plural verb?

nonstandard English

He does or he do?

nonstandard English

noun clauses

Noun clause as object of the verb

Subjunctive in noun clauses

Wish clauses

nouns

Nouns as modifiers

Noun modifiers (trouser press)

Trip vs. travel

nouns: collective

Collective nouns (1)

Collective nouns (2)

Majority/minority: is or are?

Majority/minority: is or are? (Comment)

People, singular and plural

nouns: count/noncount

Business and businesses

Fruits or fruit?

The plurals of fish and fruit

nouns, irregular plurals

-f ending of nouns

nouns, plural

Apostrophe with "z" ending

Bowel vs. bowels

Genus, plural form

Plural forms — phonetic

Viscus and viscera

nouns, possessive

Possessive nouns

numbers

Numbers, pronunciation of years

object complement

"They called him Bill."

objects

indirect objects

obligation, verbs of

Have to vs. must

of

of-possessive vs. -'s

osteopath

Osteopaths and chiropractors

other, forms of

Another and the other

Any + other + noun

other times

Other times or at other times

parallel structure

Parallel verbs

Parallelism

parenthetical material, punctuation with

Punctuation with parentheses

participial phrases

Compared to (with)

past habit

Didn't use to vs. used to not

past participles

Payed as past participle

people

People, singular and plural

perception, verbs

"I saw him jump."

See somebody DO something vs. See somebody DOING something

perks vs. fringe benefits

Fringe benefits vs. perks

personal pronouns

I or me

Who did it? How to answer

phrasal verbs

Be to + do

Have been to/have been in a place

plural nouns, irregular

-f ending of nouns

plural nouns: proper nouns

Apostrophe with "z" ending

police

Police or the police?

possession

For + noun

possessive

of-possessive vs. -'s

Possessive nouns

Possessive with apostrophes

Possessives with gerunds

prefixes, negative

Negative prefixes

prepositional phrases

Other times or at other times

Prepositional phrases-where they end

prepositions

As

Besides vs. except

By vs. until

In or at?

Of all, in all, or in?

Other times or at other times

Prepositions: among, between, for, or with?

Prepositions: door to or door of?

Preposition — photo of or photo for us?

To as a marker for an infinitive vs. to as a preposition

Toward or towards

Under vs. below

prepositions, for

For + noun

prepositions, to

To as preposition or as part of infinitive

prescriptive grammar

Prescriptive grammar

present perfect

Present perfect

present perfect progressive vs. present perfect

Present perfect vs. present perfect progressive

present tense: used to express future time

Future time express with simple present tense

pronouns

Case of pronouns after than

Reflexive pronouns (myself)

Relative pronouns

Who vs. whom

pronouns, personal

I or me

Me neither

Who did it? How to answer

pronunciation

Numbers, pronunciation of years

pronunciation, of plural nouns

Apostrophe with "z" ending

Plural forms — phonetic

proverbs

The world is one's oyster

punctuation

Punctuation with parentheses

punctuation, apostrophe

Possessive with apostrophes

punctuation, commas

Commas or no commas

Commas with and

quantifiers

Any + singular or plural noun?

As much as vs. as many as

question words

What vs. how

What about and how about

question words: what

Asking about a person's profession

Which vs. what

questions, tag

Aren't I? (vs. Am I not?

Aren't I? (vs. "Amn't I"?)

Question tags: affirmative/affirmative

Tag ending for Let's

Tag question: Shall we?

quick vs. quickly

Quick vs. quickly

Quick trained vs. quickly trained

quite

Quite vs. rather

rather

Quite vs. rather

referee

Judge, referee, and umpire

reflexive pronouns

Reflexive pronouns (myself)

relative clauses

"One of the" in relative clauses: singular or plural verb?

relative pronouns

Relative pronouns

reported (indirect) speech

Reported (indirect) speech (with past tense)

Had to/must in past tense of reported speech

Had to/must in past tense of reported speech (Comment)

reporting verbs

Say, tell, speak, talk

restrictive clauses

Restrictive vs. nonrestrictive adjective clause

"One of the" in relative clauses: singular or plural verb?

risk

Risk + complement

run-on sentences

Sentence type

–'s

of-possessive vs. -'s

say

"Say, tell, speak, talk"

sayings

The world is one's oyster

sentences

Cleft sentences

Sentence type

so

So, too, and much

speak

Say, tell, speak, talk

spelling: with -ed and -ing

Spelling of verbs with -ing and -ed

split infinitives

Split infinitives

start vs. begin

Start vs. begin

start vs. get started

Start vs. get started

stative verbs

Feel bad vs. feel badly

strongly vs. badly

Feel strongly and feel badly

subject-verb agreement

Agreement of subject and verb

Everyone, everybody, and referents

Majority/minority: is or are?

Majority/minority: is or are? (Comment)

None: singular or plural verb?

Singular or plural?

Singular or plural verb

Wh- clauses as subject: singular or plural verb?

subjunctive

I wish she was/were

such as

Including and such as

Infinitive/gerund after like (=such as)

tag questions

Aren't I? (vs. Am I not?

Aren't I? (vs. "Amn't I"?)

Question tags: affirmative/affirmative

Tag ending for Let's

Tag question: Shall we?

talk

"Say, tell, speak, talk"

teaching grammar

Prescriptive grammar

than

Case of pronouns after than

Than

that

Which

Relative pronouns

thesis

Thesis vs. dissertation

to

Indirect objects with to and for

To as a marker for an infinitive vs. to as a preposition

To as preposition or as part of infinitive

too

So, too, and much

to + simple form (infinitive)

To as a marker for an infinitive vs. to as a preposition

today

"Today is very hot"

toward or towards

Toward or towards

trip vs. travel

Trip vs. travel

two-word verbs

Bound for

umpire

Judge, referee, and umpire

under

Under vs. below

unrestrictive clauses

"One of the" in relative clauses: singular or plural verb?

until

By vs. until

usage questions

BrE vs. AmE

Does the word "alright" exist?

Cooperative and collaborative

Enhance

Fringe benefits vs. perks

Grow

Judge, referee, and umpire

Jump vs. leap

Nap

Osteopaths and chiropractors

Thesis vs. dissertation

Toward or towards

Trip vs. travel

used to

Didn't use to vs. used to not

valuable vs. invaluable

Valuable vs. invaluable

verbs, base form

Infinitive or gerund or base form?

I wish she was/were

verbs, intransitive

Formerly intransitive verbs

verbs, obligation

Have to vs. must

verbs of perception

"I saw him jump."

verb forms: subjunctive

Subjunctive in noun clauses

verb, plus gerund

To as preposition or as part of infinitive

verb tenses: future

Forms for future time

Future time expressed with simple present tense

Using will to indicate the price?

Will

Will vs. be going to

verb tenses: past

Can't have vs. couldn't have

Didn't use to vs. used to not

Hang, past tense

Payed as past participle

Present perfect vs. past

Reported (indirect) speech (with past tense)

verb tenses: present

Future time express with simple present tense

verb tenses: present perfect

Present perfect

Present perfect vs. past

Present perfect vs. present perfect progressive

See somebody DO something vs. See somebody DOING something

verb tenses: present perfect progressive

Present perfect vs. present perfect progressive

verbs, two words

Bound for

verbs

Feel bad vs. feel badly

Grow

Jump vs. leap

Risk + complement

Singular or plural verb

Start vs. begin

Start vs. get started

Verb form after want

verbs: gerunds

"Gerunds, simple and past"

verbs, irregular

Hang, past tense

Irregular verb forms

verbs: parallel structure

Parallel verbs

verbs: participles

Spelling of verbs with -ing and -ed

viscus

Viscus and viscera

want, verb form following

Verb form after want

well vs. good

Feel good or feel well?

wh- words

Wh- clauses as subject: singular or plural verb?

what

What vs. how

What about and how about

what vs. which

What or which?

Which vs. what

when and where

Wh- clauses as subject: singular or plural verb?

whether

Whether or whether or not

whether vs if

If or whether?

which

Adjective clause with preposition

Which

which vs. what

Which vs. what

who

Relative pronouns

Who did it? How to answer

who vs. whom

Who vs. whom

will: future

Using will to indicate the price?

Will

Will vs. be going to

wish

Wish clauses

I wish she was/were

word order

Inversion of subject and verb 1

Inversion of subject and verb 2

Modifiers (how to combine)

Order of adjectives

would

Would

write/read to vs. write/read for

Indirect objects with to and for

year

Numbers, pronunciation of years

yet

Already vs. yet