Keys to Learning

Skills and Strategies for Newcomers

Anna Uhl Chamot, Catharine W. Keatley, Kristina A. Anstrom

Scope and Sequence

Unit 1New Friends
Chapter 1: What's your name?
Grammar

  • Pronouns
  • Present tense of be: statements; yes/no questions

Phonics

  • The alphabet
  • Consonants and vowels
  • Alphabetical order

Learning Strategies

  • Preview

Writing

  • Write a paragraph about yourself

Chapter 2: What classes do you have?
Grammar

  • Present tense of have: statements; yes/no questions
  • Plural nouns
  • Possessive adjective

Phonics

  • Short vowel sounds: /a/ as in cat, /i/ as in sit, and /o/ as in hot

Learning Strategies

  • Sound out
  • Preview

Writing

  • Write a paragraph about your favorite class

Chapter 3: This is a calculator.
Grammar

  • Articles: a and an
  • Demonstrative pronouns: this, that, these, and those
  • Possessive of singular and plural nouns

Phonics

  • Short vowel sounds: /e/ as in bed and /u/ as in cup

Learning Strategies

  • Sound out
  • Preview

Writing

  • Write a paragraph about things in your backpack

Unit 2At School
Chapter 4: Where's the gym?
Grammar

  • Prepositions of location: in, on, under, and next to
  • Where questions with be
  • There is and there are

Phonics

  • Consonant sounds: /ch/ as in lunch and /sh/ as in English

Learning Strategies

  • Sound out
  • Make predictions

Writing

  • Write a paragraph about places in your school

Chapter 5: What's your address?
Grammar

  • What questions with be
  • Present tense of regular verbs: statements; yes/no questions
  • Statements with can
  • Yes/no questions with can

Phonics

  • Consonant blends at the beginning of a word as in class, pretty, and student

Learning Strategies

  • Sound out
  • Use selective attention

Writing

  • Fill out a form with personal information

Chapter 6: You were late yesterday.
Grammar

  • What questions with do
  • What + noun
  • Past tense of be: statements; yes/no questions

Phonics

  • Consonant blends at the end of a word as in find, went, and best

Learning Strategies

  • Sound out
  • Make predictions

Writing

  • Write a paragraph about your day

Unit 3At Home
Chapter 7: What are you doing?
Grammar

  • Present continuous tense: statements; what questions; yes/no questions
  • Object pronouns

Phonics

  • Long vowel sounds: /a/ as in came, /i/ as in like, /o/ as in close, and /yoo/ as in use

Learning Strategies

  • Sound out
  • Make predictions

Writing

  • Write a dialogue about what you are doing

Chapter 8: I have to work.
Grammar

  • Simple present tense and present continuous tense
  • Sentences with like, have, and want + infinitive
  • What questions with like, have, and want + infinitive
  • Yes/no questions with like, have and want + infinitive

Phonics

  • Long vowel sound: /a/ as in take, wait, and say

Learning Strategies

  • Sound out
  • Use what you know

Writing

  • Write a paragraph about a classmate

Chapter 9: You came to our party!
Grammar

  • Past tense of regular and irregular verbs: statements; yes/no questions

Phonics

  • Long vowel sound: /e/ as in me, read, meet, happy, and piece

Learning Strategies

  • Sound out
  • Make inferences

Writing

  • Write a letter to a friend

Unit 4Around Town
Chapter 10: How much is it?
Grammar

  • Information questions with be: present tense; past tense
  • Information questions with do: present tense; past tense
  • Questions with how much

Phonics

  • Long vowel sound: /i/ as in hi, my, time, pie, and right

Learning Strategies

  • Sound out
  • Make predictions

Writing

  • Write a script for a fashion show

Chapter 11: She needs some lettuce.
Grammar

  • Count and non-count nouns
  • Some and any
  • Coordinating conjunctions: and, but, and so

Phonics

  • Long vowel sound: /o/ as in go, Joe, those, coat, and know

Learning Strategies

  • Sound out
  • Use selective attention

Writing

  • Write a paragraph about your favorite food
Chapter 12: He's the cutest guy at school.
Grammar

  • Comparative adjectives
  • Superlative adjectives
  • Comparative and superlatives with more and most

Phonics

  • Long vowel sound: /yoo/ as in use, unit, and few.

Learning Strategies

  • Sound out
  • Use what you know

Writing

  • Write words for a song

Unit 5Friends & Family
Chapter 13: He's going to fall!
Grammar

  • Future tense with be going to: statements; yes/no questions; information questions
  • Commands

Phonics

  • Other vowel sound: /oo/ as in school, rule, true, and new

Learning Strategies

  • Sound out
  • Make inferences

Writing

  • Write a dialogue about your weekend plans

Chapter 14: Hey! The lights went out!
Grammar

  • Past continuous tense: statements; yes/no questions; information questions
  • Possessive pronouns
  • Questions with whose

Phonics

  • Other vowel sound: /oo/ as in look

Learning Strategies

  • Sound out
  • Use selective attention

Writing

  • Write a paragraph about something that happened to you

Chapter 15: We'll have a study group.
Grammar

  • Future tense with will: statements; yes/no questions; information questions
  • Statements with may and might

Phonics

  • Other vowel sound: /o/ as in auditorium and saw

Learning Strategies

  • Sound out
  • Personalize

Writing

  • Write a few paragraphs about one of your goals

Unit 6Feelings & Hobbies
Chapter 16: I sometimes study with my friends.
Grammar

  • Adverbs of frequency
  • Adverbs of frequency with be
  • How often and expressions of frequency
  • Gerunds as objects of verbs

Phonics

  • Other vowel sound: /oi/ as in voice and enjoy

Learning Strategies

  • Sound out
  • Use what you know

Writing

  • Write a paragraph about your classmate's hobby or interest

Chapter 17: You should get some rest.
Grammar

  • Statements with should
  • Yes/no questions with should
  • Statements with could
  • Because clauses

Phonics

  • Other vowel sound: /ou/ as in out and now

Learning Strategies

  • Sound out
  • Use selective attention

Writing

  • Write a letter giving advice to someone

Chapter 18: It was too easy.
Grammar

  • Comparatives and superlatives: irregular adjectives
  • Too and not enough
  • Statements with used to
  • Yes/no questions with used to

Phonics

  • Other vowel sound: /ur/ as in hurt, first, and her

Learning Strategies

  • Sound out
  • Make predictions

Writing

  • Write a story about a character